Sustainability | Free Full-Text | On the Way to Eco-Innovations in Agriculture: Concepts, Implementation and Effects at National and Local Level. The Case of Poland

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The goal of the research was to offer the examples of eco-innovations in agriculture regarding the idea of sustainable growth and the indication of their situations. Quantitative and qualitative strategies had been utilized to the analysis, specifically: descriptive statistical and financial evaluation of the Polish Farm Accountancy Information Community (FADN) knowledge and Statistics Poland knowledge, in addition to case research of natural meals producers, overlaying the years 2005–2019. Indicated info sources, encompassing very long time span of research and varied knowledge collections, allowed presenting the complementary image of eco-innovations on the sector and farm ranges. The analysis examined the several types of ecological improvements in Polish agriculture, together with: (1) organisational improvements with an institutional background (e.g., the natural farming assist and greening mechanism of the Widespread Agricultural Coverage (CAP)—carried out within the household farming sector); and (2) the product, advertising and marketing, course of and organisational improvements in chosen natural farms that had been particular person farmers’ initiatives. On the one hand, the analysis documented the effectiveness of latest agricultural coverage options within the agricultural sector which can be examples of organisational eco-innovations. Throughout 2005–2016, the certification system, in addition to coverage assist, contributed to the event of natural farms in Poland by way of the expansion within the share of any such holdings in complete (from 0.5% to 4.6%) and within the general utilised agricultural space (UAA) (from 0.3% to three.7%). Furthermore, throughout 2014–2015, on account of the greening in agricultural holdings, the realm sown with pulses and papilionaceous, i.e., crops bettering soil construction and defending soils, rose by 174% and 161%, respectively. Alternatively, the case research performed confirmed that the meals producers’ information and abilities mixed with a beneficial native financial and social scenario, in addition to institutional assist, performed a key position within the strategy of the emergence of eco-innovations. Amongst these elements, the respondents’ particular person traits related to attitudes in the direction of farming and the social, human and bodily capital handed on by relations must be highlighted. This paper contributes to current literature in two methods. First, this research combines each quantitative and qualitative (together with in-depth interviews) approaches to eco-innovations on the micro and macro degree of research. Second, by differentiating two approaches to ecological improvements, specifically the standard and the sustainable, the article signifies and considers the important thing elements beneficial to the latter.
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