Sustainability | Free Full-Text | Evaluating Climate Change Governance Using the “Polity–Policy–Politics” Framework: A Comparative Study of China and the United States

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Local weather change governance has attracted rising educational curiosity. Nonetheless, holistic evaluations on the dynamic complexity and stability of local weather change governance have acquired little consideration. This research addresses this analysis hole by conducting a structurally comparative evaluation between China and the USA based mostly on the “polity–coverage–politics” framework. Three analytical sides are recognized for every dimension of the framework, together with institutional settings, the character of coverage mechanisms utilized in local weather change practices, and the diploma of multi-actors’ involvement beneath two governance situations. Outcomes present that local weather change governance within the two international locations differs considerably. The method of local weather governance in China is pushed by robust management on the nationwide degree alongside coverage continuity, whereas well-functioning market mechanisms and sturdy regulatory techniques are nonetheless missing. A extra significant involvement of social forces can also be critically wanted when addressing more and more advanced and unsure local weather change. In contrast, the US federal local weather insurance policies are thought-about insufficient in contrast with sub-national actions and protracted efforts of non-state actors, to which the success of local weather practices is essentially attributed. This research systematically uncovers the divergence of local weather mitigation beneath completely different political–institutional contexts, and evaluates the effectiveness of governance association within the two international locations, which helps policymakers to grasp the potential of enhancing the efficiency of local weather change governance.
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